Sumerian term for refugees of various races scattered round the Fertile Crescent from about 2900 to 1200 BCE. The Tell el-Amarna letters found in 1887 at a town on the River Nile, were sent to the Pharaohs in the 15–14th cents. BCE from Egyptian governors in Palestine; they mention hostile incursions of the Habiru, whom some archaeologists identified as the Hebrews of the Exodus [[➝ Exodus, the]]. But the hypothesis has the difficulty that Jerusalem, from which one of the letters was sent, was not taken by the Hebrews until its capture by David in c.1000 BCE.
The term is now thought to be a description of a social rather than an ethnic group.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Habiru — or Apiru or ˁpr.w (Egyptian)[1] was the name given by various Sumerian, Egyptian, Akkadian, Hittite, Mitanni, and Ugaritic sources (dated, roughly, between 1800 BC and 1100 BC) to a group of people living as nomadic invaders in areas of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Habiru — o Apiru fue el nombre dado por varias fuentes sumerias, egipcias, acadias, hititas, mitanias, y ugaríticas (datadas, aproximadamente, desde antes de 2000 a. C. hasta alrededor de 1200 a. C.) a un grupo de gentes que vivían en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ḪABIRU — (or better: Ḫapiru), an element of society in the Fertile Crescent during the greater part of the second millennium B.C.E. They are mentioned in more than 250 texts. From their earliest appearance in documents of the 18th century B.C.E., the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Habiru — ist vermutlich ein akkadischer und assyrischer Ausdruck für die Hebräer, s. Hebräer#Herkunft und Bedeutung eine assyrische Göttin Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Habiru — Apirou Apirou …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Habiru — /hah bee rooh, hah bee rooh /, n. (used with a pl. v.) a nomadic people mentioned in Assyro Babylonian literature: possibly the early Hebrews. Also, Habiri /hah bee ree, hah bee ree /. [ < Akkadian khapiru] * * * …   Universalium

  • Habiru —    A term found in cuneiform documents to signify nomads, renegades, or mercenaries. They are mentioned in the Amarna letters as allies of Abdi Ashirta, king of Amurru. The term is obviously the ancestor of the word Hebrews but does not… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Habiru — n. group of nomadic tribes mentioned in ancient documents (possibly the early Hebrews) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • habiru — ha·bi·ru …   English syllables

  • habiru — …   Useful english dictionary

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